Finally, the assuaging of Achilles' wrath leads to the reconciliation and reintegration of the warrior, first into his own community and second into the larger community of all humanity.
Achilles will meet an early end as well, although not within the pages of The Iliad. Rather, he portrays each side as having a justifiable reason to fight and depicts warfare as a respectable and even glorious manner of settling the dispute.
Patroklos even wears the armor of Achilles so that the Trojans will believe that Achilles has returned to battle.
In the end, this contrast between Hektor and Achilles shows the contrast between the values of the individual and the values of society. However, war, nature, personality — everything — contained elements of strife that may not be completely reconcilable.
Andromache seems to urge Hektor to leave the battle, but fleeing destroys the values of the society even more surely than fighting and losing does.
On a more personal level, Achilles himself is an embodiment of stressful opposites. His relentless need for honor is shown once again when the father of Chrysies, a priest named Chryses humbly begs, pleads, and offers compensation to Agamemnon in return for his daughter.
Homer constantly alludes to this event, especially toward the end of the epic, making clear that even the greatest of men cannot escape death. He knows that glory and eternal fame can be his only through early death in war while long life can be secured only by giving up the ultimate glory a Greek seeks.
Consequently, he knows both mortality and immortality. Achilles follows his personal feelings without regard for the consequences on the community at large; Hektor sees his actions within the context of the overall community.
Various ways were used to exemplify this theme by including two similar characters in search of honor. Also, now the Trojans are so empowered that they appear poised to win the conflict with the Greeks.
Achilles became so outraged that he refused to fight when his booty, the Trojan woman Briseis was taken from him by Agamemnon. In the first case, he becomes alienated from the other Achaians, his companions in battle; in the second, from humanity in general.
Achilles' anger occurs in two great waves. Agamemnon takes Briseis from Achilles. Achilles debates returning home to live in ease with his aging father, but he remains at Troy to win glory by killing Hector and avenging Patroclus. At first, Achilles attempts to avoid the Trojan War by pretending to be a woman; but, as in a number of instances, his attempts to avoid an action lead directly to that action.
How often theme appears: In the last five books of the Iliad, this conflict is transformed into the superhuman rage that Achilles displays as a warrior. Achilles, in contrast, withdraws from battle over a slight. LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in The Iliad, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work.
One of the central ideas of the Iliad is the honor that soldiers earn in combat. Family and individual honor must be maintained despite the need to fight for the cause of one's homeland.
If these two forms of honor--personal and patriotic--conflict with each other, personal honor comes first to the Homeric hero. Honor as the Theme in Homer’s The Iliad Essay Words 9 Pages There are different forms and examples of exemplary and classic literature which have been deemed as significant works that are highly esteemed worldwide.
- General Plot Summary of Homer\'s Iliad The Iliad is a lengthy poem of some 15, lines, divided into 24 books (cantos) and has as its theme the anger (menis) of the Greek hero Achilles, the greatest of the heroes to sail to Troy.
To fight is to prove one’s honor and integrity, while to avoid warfare is to demonstrate laziness, ignoble fear, or misaligned priorities. To. Honor in the Iliad and Antigone Essay Words | 5 Pages.
notion of honor is prevalent throughout the Iliad and Antigone. Both texts demonstrate that honor is essential to Greek heroes because honor is the foundation of the society and family.Theme of honor in the illad