We set out from real, active men, and on the basis of their real life-process we demonstrate the development of the ideological reflexes and echoes of this life-process. But even more importantly, events took both Marx and Engels away from the abstract discussion of ideas detached from the real world.
World-historical existence of individuals means existence of individuals which is directly linked up with world history. When reality is depicted, philosophy as an independent branch of knowledge loses its medium of existence. It follows from this that all struggles within the State, the struggle between democracy, aristocracy, and monarchy, the struggle for the franchise, etc.
The real struggle is between different classes to gain dominion in order to represent its interest as an illusion of the general interest. Limited commerce between towns meant that every workman had to be versed many tasks, able to make everything with his own tools, and thus had a special interest and proficiency in his work, unlike the modern worker, whose work is a matter of indifference to him.
Thus only with big industry does the abolition of private property become possible.
All the same, there are things that are more or less closed off to us once we move beyond certain periods of economic development and other things that are impossible until certain economic pre-conditions have been obtained. As the forces of production come into conflict with capitalist relations of production, the crisis can only be permanently resolved by the abolition of private property and its replacement by communal control of the economy, creating a society in which individual lives are no longer at the mercy of impersonal market forces, and in which true freedom therefore becomes possible.
Civil law develops simultaneously with private property out of the disintegration of the natural community. Since, according to their fantasy, the relationships of men, all their doings, their chains and their limitations are products of their consciousness, the Young Hegelians logically put to men the moral postulate of exchanging their present consciousness for human, critical or egoistic consciousness, and thus of removing their limitations.
The slavery latent in the family only develops gradually with the increase of population, the growth of wants, and with the extension of external relations, both of war and of barter.
On the other hand, the class achieves independent existence over against the individuals whose position and personal development is assigned solely by the class. Only, the one party attacks this dominion as usurpation, while the other extols it as legitimate.
This feudal land ownership had its counterpart in the towns in the shape of corporate property and the protectionism of trade guilds. The conditions under which individuals have intercourse with each other are defined by the reality of their conditioned nature.
Engels died of throat cancer in London, These premises can thus be verified in a purely empirical way. One can look at history from two sides and divide it into the history of nature and the history of men.
This separate domestic economy is made only the more necessary by the further development of private property. What is interesting here is how frequently they reference literature and the arts, and not always to praise the accomplishments of the high arts, but often to frame their understanding of the potential of a future human society.
In the whole conception of history up to the present, this real basis has been neglected, or else considered a minor matter irrelevant to the course of history, seeing history as the struggles of princes and States and religion.
With the overthrow of the existing state of society by the communist revolution of which more later and the abolition of private property this world market power will be dissolved; and the liberation of each single individual accomplished. The first premise of all human history is, of course, the existence of living human individuals, distinguished from animals by consciousness, religion or anything else you like.
This production only makes its appearance with the increase of population. But Marx and Engels were soon to break with the Young Hegelians. It destroyed as far as possible ideology, religion, morality, etc.
The second point is that the satisfaction of the first need the action of satisfying, and the instrument of satisfaction which has been acquired leads to new needs; and this production of new needs is the first historical act.
Ideology in General, German Ideology in Particular German criticism has, right up to its latest efforts, never quitted the realm of philosophy.
Far from examining its general philosophic premises, the whole body of its inquiries has actually sprung from the soil of a definite philosophical system, that of Hegel.
The German Ideology (written inpublished in ) was Karl Marx’s first major work on his theory of materialism, as well as the first outline on Communism. Marx develops his thoughts in relation to contemporary German philosophy.4/5(K). The German Ideology Critique of Modern German Philosophy According to Its Representatives Feuerbach, B.
Bauer and Stirner, and of German Socialism According to Its Various Prophets.
Together with his coauthor Engels, Marx produced such important early works as The German Ideology (), which was a critique of Hegel and his German followers, and The Communist Manifesto (), in which Marx and Engels distinguish their idea of socialism from other currents of socialism and demonstrate how socialism arises naturally from.
Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels The German Ideology Squashed down to read in about 35 minutes "When we conceive things thus, as they really are and happen, every profound philosophical problem is solved.". Other articles where The German Ideology is discussed: Marxism: Historical materialism: Die deutsche Ideologie (written –46; The German Ideology) and the Ökonomisch-philosophische Manuskripte aus dem Jahre (Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of ).The german ideology